What are the subjects in the Science stream after 10th Class

Mohar Bhattacharjee - Saturday 21st August 2021 | Articles
subjects in science after 10th


After completing class 10th , students start worrying about their future, what subjects they should go for in the 11th standard if that will suit them, and so on.


I believe you aren’t an exception either!


Have you been aspiring for long to take up science in the eleventh standard?


Are you confused now about the subject combination you should go for?


I’m sure you are wondering what career opportunities await after completing your high school with science. If you are answering yes to all these questions, pat yourself for coming to the right place. 


Here, we will discuss in detail the subjects in the science stream in the eleventh class, the subject combinations, career opportunities, and more. 


Benefits of Pursuing Science in 11th Class


The benefits of studying science in your 11th standard are plenty. We will list the primary advantages below:


1: If you have the knack to discover and learn new technical concepts, science is the subject to go for. It allows you to stay progressive and intelligent in this digital era. 


2: Science equips you with a better knowledge and understanding of the world that surrounds you. As you start going through the critical chapters, you are accustomed with better problem-solving skills. 


3: Most importantly, you have a wide array of career opportunities liying front of you after finishing high school with a science stream. 


These are just a few among tons of points explaining the significant advantages of studying science. 


Science Stream: A Brief 



There are three branches of science: PCM, the non-medical branch, PCB, the medical branch and PCMB. The primary difference between the two streams is the third main subject which is either maths or biology. Alongside the core subjects, the candidates need to learn a first and second language. Alongside these two, PCMB is a common branch of science. Here you get both Mathematics and Biology as the core subjects. 


Let’s discuss the three branches in detail separately. 


1. PCM (Non-Medical)

If you are determined to pursue engineering after high school, the PCM stream is for you. As indicated in the smart art above, Physics, Chemistry, and Maths will be the core subjects alongside language and an optional elective. Here we go with a brief outline for every subject. 



As a class eleven student, in the beginning, you will be introduced to some primary concepts on the subject and physics laws. The significant chapters that the syllabus covers include, units of measurements, kinetic energy, motion in a straight line, motion in a plane, thermodynamics, oscillation, waves, gravitation, laws of motion, thermal properties of matter, mechanical properties of fluids and solids, laws of motion. You will be exploring new concepts and find them more interesting as you get ahead. Being serious with studies is vital or you will end up finding the subject boring. 



A core subject in the class eleven science stream, Chemistry is often the most feared subject by the candidates. Relax, you need not worry. If you are someone with an urge to learn new concepts on atoms, molecules, chemical equations and willing to do better with every step you are sure to love chemistry! The main chapters will include topics such as basic concepts of chemistry, atom structure, equilibrium, thermodynamics, redox reaction, classification of elements, periodicity properties, hydrogen, e-block and p-block elements, hydrocarbons, organic chemistry, states of matter. You will learn in detail about the world of chemical reactions and get a better understanding of the world around you. 



Maths in the eleventh start might be a “hard nut to crack” in the initial stages. But once you get an idea about the complex methods and new structure, boom! You get going smoothly. All you need is thorough concentration to be capable of understanding the concepts. The chapters will comprise the topics like Relations and functions, trigonometric functions, linear inequalities, permutations and combinations, straight lines, conic sections, mathematical induction, quadratic equations, binomial theorem, three-dimensional geometry, limits, and derivatives, probability, statistics, mathematical reasoning. 


List of Optional Subjects 

Besides studying the core subjects, you will have an elective optional. The electives in PCM are generally among the following: 


  • Economics: Being a branch of social science, it has two main branches which are microeconomics and macroeconomics. You learn about the economic system of the country, areas of development, infrastructure and get to know about statistical tools. Packed with valuable knowledge, Economics is a wonderful subject to read. 


  • Computer Science: If you are tech-savvy and have a passion for coding, computer science is for you. In the eleventh grade, you will learn about the basics of computer systems, will handle lots of assignments, and gather a fair amount of knowledge in the computer science domain.


  • Home Science: With the aim to upgrade the human environment, home science deals with concepts like child development, family nutrition, communication, resource management, and so on. 


Areas of Study after studying PCM in 11th Grade


The doors to a wide array of study areas will open once you complete your high school in PCM stream. The table below highlights some significant areas of study you can go for. 

Area of Study




Diploma in Engineering 

3 Years 


4 Years 



3 years 

Computer Applications


3 years 



3 years 


Career Opportunities 

After you complete any of the above courses, tons of opportunities will be knocking at your door. But, besides being a hard worker you need to be a smart worker too in these days of tough competition. You can go for higher studies like M.Tech/M.Sc after your graduation followed by doctorate studies ahead. Take a note of the career options:


Area of Study 

Career Path 


Mechanical/Civil/Software/Electric/Electronics engineer, Technical support engineer, Aerospace engineer, civil services.


Architect, Town planner, Production designer, structural engineer, interior designer, building inspector. 


Teacher, Assistant Teacher, Professor, Guest Lecturer, Research Scholar, Scientist. 


2. PCB (Medical)

If you aspire to be a doctor and do not have a passion for maths, its needless to say PCB is the steam to go for. Other than the main subjects i.e., physics and chemistry, biology is included in the medical stream. If you love to read about living organisms, ways of living, reproduction methods, excretion biology is your cup of tea. Simultaneously, it is significant to be serious with your studies and be consistent.  


Biology: Few candidates have a wrong conception that biology is easy to read in class eleven. No, not! The eleventh-grade syllabus is different from class ten and involves many new concepts and topics. Candidates must prepare themselves confidently to explore a new world. If you are serious and keen to learn, you can make it! The chapters included in eleventh grade are Living world, biological classification, plant and animal kingdom, morphology and anatomy of flowering plants, cells, biomolecules, mineral nutrition, plant respiration, growth and development, gases, body fluids, excretory products, chemical coordination. 


Areas of Study after studying PCB 


After you pass your high school with the medical stream, you are likely to go to medical colleges to pursue your MD or equivalent degree. The common ones are: 


  • MBBS
  • BDS 
  • B.Pharmacy 
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy/ Occupational Therapy 
  • B.SC Forensic Science 


Career Opportunities 


After successfully pursuing your medical degree you will have a tempting future lying in front of you as a doctor. Other than the medical field, you will have the scope of pursuing other career options too. Let’s take a look at some of the significant career options after PCB:


  • Pharmacist 
  • Physiotherapist 
  • Medical Technologist 
  • Forensic Scientist 
  • Veterinarian 
  • Dermatologist 
  • Nurse 
  • Podiatrist 
  • Horticulturist


3. PCMB 

Interestingly, you can get the chance to study both biology and maths in your eleventh grade. If you are not sure whether to go for a medical or a non-medical profession or if you have an immense passion for both the subjects, PCMB is the subject to go for. Here you get to study the four pillars of science: Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology. The areas of study and career options are thousands, once you finish high school with PCMB. 


Areas of Study and Career Paths


Areas of Study 



Career Paths 



5 Years 

Doctor, Medical Advisor, General Physician, Pediatric Doctor, Surgeon

Engineering and Technology 


3 years/ 4 years 

Engineer, Information Technology Engineer, Database Manager, Developer, Technical assistant, teacher, professor, scholar. 

Alternative Medicine Courses 


5+ years 

Therapist, Pharmacist, Public Health Specialist, Lecturer. 



3 years 

Nurse, Nursing Service Administrators, Assistant Nurse, Superintendent, nursing tutor, psychiatric tutor, Dean of Nursing, Health Service manager. 

Subject Oriented (Physics/Chemistry/Maths/Biology/Computer Science/Biotechnology/Botany/Zoology/Biochemistry/ Geology/Psychology/Statistics


3 years 

Research Scientist, Biochemist, Assistant Professor/Lecturer, Lab Technician, IT Jobs, Biological Technician, Junior Research Fellow, Chemical Analyst, Statistician, Mathematician.


Wrapping Up


That’s all folks for this blog. I hope I can make the concepts clear about PCB, PCM and PCMB. Always remember one thing, the final call will always be yours! Take a deep breath and ask yourself if you are ready to take up science in your high-school? If the answer is a confident yes, go for it. Still wondering about the suitable career options after PCB biology except medicine? Read it here!




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