What are the commerce subjects in class 11, 12

nikhil jain - Wednesday 14th July 2021 | Articles
commerce subjects in class 11


Are you confused about choosing the commerce group  subjects in 11th class?


Well, dont worry.


Here we are to drive you through the opportunities put forth for the next two years.


Until your 10th grade, you have been studying a mixed combo of all the subjects. But now the time has come to choose your stream—the one that could decide your future.


There are usually three groups available in 11th and 12th – Science (PCB , PCM OR PCMB), Commerce, and Humanities.

The 11th standard is the most crucial year of your schooling. So, it is essential to make wise decisions.


Are you planning to choose the commerce stream in CBSE Class 11?


It is vital to know the subjects in Commerce in CBSE 11th and 12th before selecting the group.


The primary stream in 11th and 12th decide your future career pathways. If you are looking for the CBSE Class 11 syllabus and subjects for commerce stream, you are on the right page. Come on, let us begin the discussion.




The commerce stream strives to impart the basic knowledge of the economy, trade and commerce, and accounting. The subjects are segregated into four Compulsory subjects and five optional subjects in commerce. 




The following subjects are the main constituents of the CBSE class 11 syllabus in the commerce stream.


  1. Accountancy
  2. Business Studies
  3. Economics and
  4. English


Let us discuss in detail each of them.




Accountancy and Accounting the primary word around which organizations across the globe evolve. Any top company in any industry requires proper accounting to determine the financial results. The accounting stream imparts you the knowledge of basic accounting principles, preparing and deciphering the companies financial statements, and measuring the profitability of the organizations. Profit is the prime motive for all organizations. Accounting is the basis on which profitability is determined.

The CBSE Class 11 syllabus is distinguished into two parts:


A. Financial Accounting 1 – you learn about the accounting concepts, accounting terms, and the generally accepted accounting principles and the whole accounting process, including Journal and ledger entries, bank reconciliation statements, depreciation, accounting for bills of exchange, preparation of trial balance, and rectification of errors.


B. Financial Accounting II – You learn about the financial statements of the sole proprietorship and from incomplete records and computers in accounting.


C. You also have a project work to be completed at the end of the year.


An accounting career exists until commerce and trade live in the world. The career opportunities are enormous – You can pursue any professional courses, including Chartered Accountant, Cost Accountant, and Company secretary. You can also do a Bachelors and Masters of Commerce and choose to become an accountant of any organization.




The name of the subject is self-explanatory. As the name suggests, Business studies involve the study of business, commerce, and trade in the economy. You will learn about how companies are formed and evolved in the economy. You will also learn about the business environment and the factors that affect the business environment. This subject helps you to understand the world of business. If you are a student who dreams of being a businessman in the future, you need to know and understand the business world.

The CBSE class 11 Syllabus tries to impart you the following knowledge:

Nature, purpose, and forms of business

Emerging modes of business

Internal Trade

International Business

This subject helps you have a strong foundation for how businesses work regardless of the profession or industry you chose to work in. It also guides you to become an entrepreneur in the future.




Economics is a very intricate yet important subject among all the subjects in commerce in CBSE class 11 and 12. It gives you a complete insight into what an economy is and the essential need for reading it. It also provides an understanding of the functioning of both the national and international economy. Understanding the world economy helps you in various career options in the future. 

Though we have a little knowledge about economics from our 10th, the following 11th syllabus of Economics in class 11 gives us an entirely new outlook for the subject.

Statistics for economics – how to use statistical tools to study the changes in the economy.

Introductory Microeconomics

Project work to be completed at the end of the year.

Economists, Investment consultants, and Actuarial scientists are a few of the career pathways that you could choose if economics interests you.




English is a universal subject that exists irrespective of the group that you choose. You have studied the subject and basic grammar until your 10th standard, and this is not a new shoe to fit wrong. It is a global language, and you need to be very good at it. Once you are out of your school, the only language that will ensure your survival in the business or career environment is English. 

The CBSE class 11 syllabus for English covers the following:

Reading comprehension


Listening, speaking, and writing skills

As it is a universal language, you have prospective career pathways in Journalism, Media, teaching, and many more.




Apart from the four compulsory subjects, there are few optional subjects in Commerce in CBSE 11th and 12th. 

5. Mathematics

6. Computer Science

7. Informatics Practices

8. Psychology

9.  Physical Education

These subjects strive to provide the students an option to choose the subjects at which they are comfortable. Let us discuss in detail each of them to know what they have in store in the CBSE Class 11 Syllabus. Please note that the number of optional subjects varies from school to school.




Mathematics is not a new subject to us. We have evolved with maths since our childhood, and it continues. Everything around is based on a calculation, and mathematics is the basis for understanding the math of life. 

The CBSE class 11 syllabus for mathematics provides insights into the following topics:



Statistics & probability

Linear programming

It is yet another universal subject and helps you easily qualify for major future courses, including Chartered Accountancy, MBA Finance, and other professional courses.




Not everyone chooses commerce by interest. Some might have chosen it because of the low marks, making them ineligible to select the science group. If you are one such person who wants to take up computer science but missed choosing the PCC, dont worry. You can study the same syllabus of computer science in your commerce group.

The CBSE Class 11 syllabus for computer science offers you the following:

Basics of computers

Computing Logic

Programming languages 

Concepts of networking 

You can confidently pursue computer applications as your future career path.




Informatics Practices is a subject that is in a similar line of computer science. In computer science, we study computers. In informatics practices, we learn about the information and its processing, looking beyond the computer applications.

The CBSE class 11 syllabus for Informatics Practices guides you about the following:

Integrated device electronics

Develop simple device applications

Develop and debug computer programs

This course would you in widening the knowledge about the computer information.




Psychology is an exciting yet complex subject to study. It is the study of the mind, behavior, and mental processes of people.

The CBSE class 11 Syllabus for Psychology imparts within you the following knowledge.

Basic concepts, principles, and methods in psychology

Improving the critical reasoning and analytical skills

You can choose your career as a Psychologist or a counselor. Even if not, it helps you to understand people irrespective of the career you choose.




Physical education is a most interesting area of study. We all loved our Physical training hours. Choosing it as a career is even more exciting and joyful if you are a sports lover. It is comparatively easy to score than any other subject. 

The CBSE class 11 syllabus for Physical Education offers you the following:

Knowledge about various sports



Physical fitness

Study about changing trends in physical education

This subject helps you to take a direct career of becoming a physical trainer. You can pursue both Bachelors and Masters in Physical Education and become a successful Physical trainer.




Commerce is a group that provides you with enormous career options based on your preference – from being an accountant to the countrys best economist. It is you who have to decide what you wanted to be. The world around us is becoming very competitive, and it is essential to plan your future carefully to sustain yourself in the race.  

To plan your future, you need to know what are the available opportunities and scope around you. This article discussed the Subjects in Commerce in CBSC in 11th and 12, and the CBSE class 11 syllabus. We hope your confusion has come to a halt with clarity. Choose your group wisely and have a bright future. 


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