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How to become a Archaeologist in India

Ankit Agrawal - Thursday 8th September 2022

Career in  Archaeology

Career in Archaeology

Is history your favourite subject? Are you interested in studying and exploring the ancient human past or present? If yes, you should consider Archaeology as your career path. 

Archaeology is an exciting area of research of studying the human past and present through material remains available in nature. 

This study is conducted through the recovery and analysis of the available data, bio-facts and artefacts from the environment. 

The study can be of a million-year-old fossil or the study of the present-day buildings. Archaeologist analyses and comprehend the human culture through the physical remains of the past of the present. 

Archaeology has many branches like study human remains (bioarchaeology), animals (zooarchaeology), ancient plants (paleoethnobotany), stone tools (lithics), etc.

In India, most of the archaeologist works in the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). An ASI diploma is a must to work in this area, in India. 


Thomas Jefferson, Mark Lehner, Kathleen Kenyon, Howard Carter, Stuart Struever, Jesse Fewkes, and Jerald T. Milanich

What are the roles and responsibilities for Archaeologist?

    • Archaeology is a multi-disciplinary science integrating knowledge of geology, anthropology, history etc. Archaeologists study old monuments, inscriptions, excavation sites, etc., delving into significant phases of human activity to study its influences on life. Archivists study documents for finding historical evidence.
    • Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and authenticate them and to interpret their significance.
    • Research, survey, or assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions.
    • Write, present, and publish reports that record site history, methodology, and artefact analysis results, along with recommendations for conserving and interpreting findings.
    • Describe artefacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artefacts are made and their size, shape, function, and decoration.
    • Archaeologists present findings from archaeological research to peers and the general public.
    • Compare findings from one site with archaeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences.
    • Record the exact locations and conditions of artefacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary.
    • Assess archaeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes and recommend methods for site protection.
    • Create a grid of each site and draw and update maps of unit profiles, stratum surfaces, features, and findings.
    • Collect artefacts made of stone, bone, metal, and other materials, placing them in bags and marking them to show where they were found.
    • Consult site reports, existing artefacts, and topographic maps to identify archaeological sites.
    • Teach archaeology at colleges and universities.


How to Become an Archaeologist in India?

There are 2 ways to become an Archaeologist in India

Career Path 1

Student can do 12 (Any Stream). Then complete BA/B.Sc in Archaelogy. Further you can Proceed with M.A in Archaelogy. Further you can Proceed with M.Phil Archaelogy. Further you can Proceed with Ph.D..

Career Path 2

Student can do 12 (Any Stream). Then complete B.A/B.Sc in Archaelogy. Further you can Proceed with Post Graduate Diploma in Archaelogy.

What are the key skills required for Archaeology?

  • Research analysis
  • Project management
  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
  • Technical writing
  • Database management and reporting
Should I become a Archaeologist
Check your career fit for Archaeology in 35 Min

What are the career opportunities in Archaeology?

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeologist
  • Historian
  • Archivists
  • geology

What is the salary and demand for Archaeologist?

  • Demand is Medium for Archaeology.
  • Salary levels are Medium for Archaeology. For fresher average salary is 3 to 4 Lacs.
  • Fees levels of the course is Low. To pursue this course student need to spend lesser than 2 Lakhs.
  • Level of preparation for Archaeology is Medium. Students spend 1 Year. to prepare for entrance test of Archaeology.

1 Fees
2 Demand
3 Salary
4 Level Of Preparation

Career Videos for Archaeology as a career curated from Youtube

What are the best colleges for Archaeology in India?

For Graduation

  • Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda - [MSU], Baroda
  • Lucknow Christian Degree College, Lucknow
  • Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya - [GKV], Haridwar
  • Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, Garhwal
  • Shivaji University - [SUK], Kolhapur
  • Indira Gandhi National Tribal University - [IGNTU], Anuppur
  • DAV PG College, Lucknow
  • Vikram University - [VU], Ujjain
  • Bhuwaneshwari Dayal College - [BDC] Mithapur, Patna
  • Jhunjhunwala Post Graduate College - [JPGC], Faizabad

For Post Graduation

  • Institute of Archaeology, New Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University - [BHU], Varanasi
  • University of Madras, Chennai
  • University of Mumbai, Mumbai
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University - [GGSIPU], New Delhi
  • Nava Nalanda Mahavihara - [NNM], Nalanda
  • St. Xavier's College, Mumbai
  • University of Allahabad
  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • University of Lucknow, Lucknow

Is career in Archaeology good choice for me?

Should I become a Archaeologist? not sure. Take 20 Min free career test to find out are you fit for career in Archaeology.Check career suitability for Archaeology

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